Iron & Steel Technology
Material Handling, Packaging & Transportation
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This paper proposes a method to analyze stress and fatigue levels in manually designed equipment using finite element analysis-based structural simulations, fatigue life modeling and three-dimensional visualizations. The final product can be used to optimize existing equipment designs, reduce downtime and identify areas of opportunity for new equipment designs.
In this three-part paper, the origin, formation mechanism and transport of exogenous inclusions in liquid steel in a top-poured vacuum ingot casting process have been examined via numerical modeling, material characterization and thermodynamics. In Part I, analytical techniques were employed to characterize and identify the source of exogenous particles during teeming.